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GPaS in Year 2

The National Curriculum 2014 has highlighted the importance of teaching children explicit knowledge of Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling. Building this knowledge is best achieved through a focus on grammar within the teaching of reading, writing and speaking. Once pupils are familiar with a grammatical concept [for example ‘noun phrase’], they will be encouraged to apply and explore this concept in the grammar of their own speech and writing.

The table below shows the GPaS concepts introduced in Year 2:

Word Formation of nouns using suffixes such as –ness–er and by compounding [for example, whiteboardsuperman]Formation of adjectives using suffixes such as –ful–less

(A fuller list of suffixes can be found in the year 2 spelling section in English Appendix 1)

Use of the suffixes –er–est in adjectives and the use of –ly in Standard English to turn adjectives into adverbs

Sentence Subordination (using whenifthatbecause) and co-ordination (using orandbut)Expanded noun phrases for description and specification [for example, the blue butterflyplain flourthe man in the moon]

How the grammatical patterns in a sentence indicate its function as a statement, question, exclamation or command

Text Correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout writingUse of the progressive form of verbs in the present and past tense to mark actions in progress [for example, she is drumminghe was shouting]
Punctuation Use of capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentencesCommas to separate items in a list

Apostrophes to mark where letters are missing in spelling and to mark singular possession in nouns [for example, the girl’s name]

Terminology for pupils noun, noun phrase, statement, question, exclamation, commandcompound, suffix, adjective, adverb, verb, tense (past, present), apostrophe, comma

Spelling

Spelling in Year 2 is taken from the National Curriculum 2014. The table below lists the statutory requirements for the year group.

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Useful sites for spelling:

https://www.teachitprimary.co.uk/ks1-english/spelling-for-beginners/tags/3258

https://www.topmarks.co.uk/Search.aspx?q=spelling%20activities%20KS1